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Տիգրան Հայազնի "1000 հայազգի գեներալներ, ծովակալներ" գիրքը ձեռք բերելու համար զանգահարել

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Главная » 2013 » Июль » 23 » ՀԱՅԱԶԳԻ ԶՈՐԱՎԱՐՆԵՐ. ԱՆԳԼԵՐԵՆ ԳՐՔԻՑ
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ՀԱՅԱԶԳԻ ԶՈՐԱՎԱՐՆԵՐ. ԱՆԳԼԵՐԵՆ ԳՐՔԻՑ
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Իմ ՛՛1000 հայազգի գեներալներ, ծովակալներ՛՛ գրքի հայերեն տարբերակը հրատարակվել է 2009 թ-ին: Գրքի անգլերեն տարբերակը պատրաստ է տպագրության: Անգլերեն տարբերակի տպագրության համար հոկտեմբերի 7-ին ՛՛Արամ Խաչատրյան՛՛ համերգասրահում կ
ազմակերպվելու է բարեգործական համերգ:

Անգլերեն տարբերակից ներկայացնում ենք ՛՛Կոմս ՄԻՔԱՅԵԼ ԼՈՌԻՍ-ՄԵԼԻՔՈՎ՛՛ բառհոդվածը:




Count LORIS-MELIKOV MIKAYEL
Lieutenant–General of the Russian Army (03/17/1863)
Adjutant–General of the Russian Army (08/30/1865)
General of the Cavalry of the Russian Army (General of the Army, 08/30/1875)
Member of the Russian State Council (1879)
Acting Viceroy of Caucasus (1880)
Dictator of Russia (1880-881)
Minister of Internal Affairs of Russia (in 1881)
Count Mikayel Tarieli Loris–Melikov (born in 10/21/1824, Tbilisi–12/12/1888, France, Nice, is buried in the yard of St. Gevorg Church in Tbilisi) is a Russian state, military and diplomatic eminent figure, Armenian-Grigorian, academician of the Russian Imperial Academy of Sciences (1880). He gained Russian Higher Saint Andrew the Protomartyr Order (11/01/1880). He comes from the noble Loris-Melikyan family. He studied at Moscow Lazarian Seminary and at Petersburg Cavalry Junker School. He began his military service in 1845 in Caucasus, where in general served for 32 years. In 1852, at the age of 27, he gained the degree of colonel, on August 4, 1856, at the age of 31- the degree of major-general. He participated in the military acts against the highlanders led by Shamil. In 1853-1856, during the Crimean war he was a commander of cavalry, excelled in a number of battles. In 1860-1873 he was the military chief of the Southern Dagestan and Mayor of Derbent, chief of the district of Terek. In 1877 he was appointed as the commander of the separate corps of the Caucasian Army and participated in Russian-Turkish War. He headed the attack and occupation of Ardahan, in the hills of Alaja he beat the troops of Mukhtar Pasha, occupied Kars. As a result of the war 17 thousand square kilometers of territory was attached to Russia. In 1879 he was appointed as the temporary governor-general of Astrakhan, Saratov, Samara and Kharkov. In 1880 he was the temporary Acting Viceroy of Caucasus. On February 12, 1880, he was appointed as the President of the Supreme Administrative Commission of the Russian Empire with dictator powers. He prepared a reform project restricting the rights of the Emperor of Russia, with which Russia would become a constitutional monarchy. On the eve of the edition of manifesto, on March 1, 1881, the Russian Emperor Alexander II was killed. The new emperor refused the reform and eliminated the administrative commission. After the elimination of the commission Loris-Melikov was appointed as the Minister of Internal Affairs of Russia. In 1881 he resigned. In order to restore his health he left for Nice where he passed away. He was awarded with Saint Alexander Nevsky (1869, Saint Great Prince Alexander Nevsky diamond-encrusted (1871), White Eagle (1865), Saint George the 3rd (1877), the 2nd (1877), Saint Vladimir the 4th (1854), the 3rd (1855), the 2nd (1864), the 1st (1877), Saint Ann the 4th (1848), the 3rd (1850), the 2nd (1852), the 1st (1860), Saint Stanislav the 1st (1859) degree orders, "For Courage” golden sword (1854), Golden Weapon (1862), For the Occupation Caucasus cross (07/30/1864), the Title of Count (04/16/1878), Turkish Mejlis order (1857), Persian Lion and Eagle the 2nd degree order (1864). He published the books of "About the Governors of Caucasus”, "Note about the Situation of the District of Terek”, "Notes about Haji Murad.”



Անգլերեն տարբերակից ներկայացնում ենք ՛՛ԳԱՐԵԳԻՆ ՆԺԴԵՀ՛՛ բառհոդվածը:



NZDEH GAREGIN
Colonel of the Army of the First Republic of Armenia (April, 1920)
Dictator of the Military Forces of Kapan, Gndevaz, Goghtan, Baghaberd (08/25/1920)
Sparapet of the Autonomous Syunik (12/25/1920)
Captain of the Republic of Mountainous Armenia (General, 04/26/1921)
Garegin Nzdeh (Garegin Eghishei Ter-Harutiunyan) (born in 01/01/1886, the province of Nakhichevan, v. Kznut-12/21/1955, c. Vladimir) is a national, political, military, state eminent figure, the founder of the movements of Tseghakron (1932-1934) and Taronakan (1937-1938), ideologist, publicist, semasiologist, orator. He sudied at the Faculty of Law of the University of Petersburg (left it in 1904), in 1906 he graduated from the officer college of the reserve of Knyazhevo, in 1907 Sofia’s officer school. In 1907-1908 he participated in the Persian national revolution. In 1908-1912 he was imprisoned in Tsarist prisons for ARF case. In 1912 he passed to Bulgaria and alongside Andranik he formed the Armenian volunteer company, which, under the cover of the Bulgarian Army, fought against Turks in 1913. In 1914 he joined the Armenian volunteer movement. He was the executive of the 5th regiment, the executive of the 2nd regiment, the executive of the 1st regimet, the organizer of the volunteer detachment of Akhalkalaki, founder-commander of the Armenian detachment. He excelled in the battle of Alaja. On May 22-28, 1918, he participated and had a decisive role in the battle of Vanadzor. From May, 1918 until August, 1919, he was the commander of the battalion of Garni, the commissary of the provinicial part of Nakhichevan. He suppressed the rebellion of the Turks of Vedi. From August 1919, he became the military leader of Syunik. He had brilliant victories in many battles, he defeated the regular military units of the Soviet Azerbaijan, Turkey, the detachments of the 11th Red Army of the Soviet Russia (the 11th Army gave 12 thousand casualties and more than 4 thousand prisoners) entered Syunik. On December 25, 1920, the First Pan-Zangezurian Congress, taken place in Tatev declared the Autonomous Republic of Syunik, Garegin Nzdeh was appointed as Sparapet of the Republic of Syunik, the consecration ceremony took place on February 21, 1921, in the Church of St. Lusavorich in Goris. On April 26, 1921, the 2nd Extraordinary Congress of the Autonomous Republic of Syunik declared the independence of Syunik and was called the Republic of Mountainous Armenia. Garegin Nzdeh was appointed as the Prime Minister, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Military Minister. Due to his heroic efforts Syunik was an actual part of the First Republic of Armenia, then Autonomous and Independent formation, as a result of which in June, 1921, it was included in the administrative cover of the Soviet Armenia. On July 9, 1921, he crossed the Arax river, was sheltered first in the village of Mudzambar of Oersia, then passed to Tabriz. At the end of 1921, he settled down in Sofia. In 1932-1934, in the USA, he founded and led the movement of Tseghakron, which inspired the whole Armenian diaspora. In 1941-1942 he had active participation in the negotiations with the leaders of the German Wehrmacht and participated in the organization work of the Armenian legion consisted of the Armenian prisoners who were in German concentration camps. Due to his active efforts many Armenian prisoners were saved from the exact death. In 1944, when the Soviet troops entered Bulgaria, he presented himself voluntarily to the Soviet military authorities, was transferred to Moscow, where on November 2, 1944, he was arrested. In Yerevan he was sentenced to 25-year imprisonment, in 1947 he was transferred to the prison of the city of Vladimir, where he died. In August 1983, the Sparapet’s granddaughter’s, Gohar Trdatian’s husband, Pavel Ananyan secretly transported his body to Yerevan from the cemetery of Vladimir. A small part of Garegin Nzdeh’s body was buried on the slopes of Mount Khustup on October 7, 1983, and the rest of the body, in 1987, in the yard of the Church of Spitakavor in Vayots Dzor. Every year on June 17 the Armenian nation goes on a pilgrimage to Sparapet’s grave. He published "Military Exercise and Statute” (alongside the company leader Sheram, 1918), "Khustupian Calls” (1921), "The Battle of Existence of Mountainous Armenia” (1923), "Military Recollections” books. He was awarded with "Khustup’s Eagle” iron cross (04/26/1921) of the Republic of Mountainous Armenia, Bulgarian Cross of Officer Courage (1913), Macedonian-Ordinian volunteer organization’s, Russian St. Vladimir the 3rd (05/02/1915), St. Georgi the 3rd (07/23/1916), 2nd (07/26/1916), St. Ann the 4th (05/05/1915) degree orders. In 1992, the last station of Yerevan Subway and the square were called "Garegin Nzdeh's Station and Square.” In 1996 one of the educational units of the Armed Forces of RA was called after him and in the square of the unit Garegin Nzdeh’s statue was erected. In 2001, near the city of Kapan, in the complex after Garegin Nzdeh, his bust was inserted. In 2001 the Ministry of Defense of RA founded "Garegin Nzdeh”, in 2002 Syunik regional administartion "Eagle of Mountainous Armenia” departmental medals. Scholarships of "Sparapet Garegin Nzdeh” were appointed in the military-educational institutions of RA and NKR. In 2001 the Republic of Armenia celebrated Garegin Nzdeh’s 115 anniversary at a state level. Near the Church of Spitakavor a khachkar-monument was placed (06/17/2005).




Անգլերեն տարբերակից ներկայացնում ենք ՛՛ՍԵՅՐԱՆ ՕՀԱՆՅԱՆ՛՛ բառհոդվածը:



OHANYAN SEIRAN
Colonel-General of RA Army (05/25/2007)
RA Minister of Defense (2008- )
Seiran Musheghi Ohanyan (born in 07/01/1962, Nagorno-Karabakh, c. Shushi) is a state and military figure of NKR and RA, Hero of Artsakh (09/02/1999). In 1983 he graduated from Baku Pan-Army Command Military College. In 1979-1992 he served in USSR Armed Forces. In 1983-1988 he was the commander of the moto-rifle platoon of one of the units of the Soviet military group located in Germany, then commander of the company, in 1988-1992 the commander of the company of the 366th moto-rifle regiment of the 23rd division, battalion located in Stepanakert. In the months of March-December of 1992 he was the commander of the Armenian separate regiment formed in Stepanakert, in 1992-1993 the first deputy of the commander of NKR Defense Army, in 1993-1994 the chief of the staff of NKR Defense Army, in 1994-1998 the first deputy of the commander of NKR Defense Army, in 1998-1999 the commander of the military unit. On August 2, 1999, he was appointed as NKR Minister of Defense, on January 17, 2000, commander of NKR Defense Army. On May 6, 2007, he was appointed as the chief of the general staff of RA Armed Forces-the first deputy of RA Minister of Defense. On May 5, 1995, he gained the military degree of NKR General of the Army, on March 14, 2000, lieutenant-general of NKR Army. He participated in all the battles for the liberation of Artsakh. He lost one of his legs in one of the battles for the sake of his native land. He was awarded "Tigran the Great” (09/20/2003), RA" Military Cross” the 1st (09/20/1996), NKR "Military Cross” the 1st (05/08/1996) degree, NKR "Golden Eagle” (09/02/1999) orders, RA "For the Service to Fatherland” the 1st degree(09/18/2006), RA MD "Marshal Baghramyan”, "Drastamat Kanayan”, "For Impeccable Service” the 1st degree, NKR "For the liberation of Shushi”, "Maternal Gratitude” medals, RA MD memorial-medal "Coat of Arms”, Armenian Apostolic Church "St. Nerses Shnorhali” grand medal of honor (2008), the medal of "Valeri Brusov” of the Russian company of the international cooperation with foreign countries attachéd to RF MFA (2008). On May 9, 2007, in Stepanakert he admitted NKR Army presentation.



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